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by Swati Pandya, M.D.
It’s one of those moments all parents dread – the head lice exposure notice tucked inside your child’s backpack. Here are some tips on lice treatment:
They are spread by head-to-head contact so they are a fact of life for young children who play close together. Lice can’t jump or fly to another person’s head.
Start with an over-the-counter shampoo treatment that contains pyrethrum and piperonlyl butoxide, (RID or TripleX) or 1-percent permethrin (NIX). These chemical treatments are safe to use and have been approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for children two years and older.
While the treatments kill live lice, however, they may not kill the nits. You will need to repeat a treatment 7 to 10 days after the first treatment.
Follow theses tips for successful lice elimination:
Speak to your child’s doctor if your child still has lice after two treatments. Prescription treatments are available if the over-the-counter shampoo is unsuccessful.
Yes, after one treatment.
Swati Pandya, M.D., is a board-certified pediatrician at the Palo Alto Medical Foundation’s West Valley Center. Advice is not intended to take the place of an exam or diagnosis by a physician.
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